6 Beautiful Hummingbirds With Long Tails

Last Updated on May 3, 2022 by Cristina

Hummingbirds with long tails are mesmerizing but have you wondered what the use of their tails is? It’s hard to spot a long-tailed hummingbird in North America, and the photos of these birds make them look like mystical animals.

The main purpose of a bird’s tail is to aid in flying when the bird needs to change directions, turn, or go up or down. Does a long tail make these hummingbirds better flyers? No, they’re actually slower due to the greater size!

However, they do perform some maneuvers better than your average hummingbird. Additionally, the specific colors hold another meaning for the hummingbirds with long tails. Read along to find out!

How Hummingbirds Use Their Tail

Why do hummingbirds have tails? Well, those tails are actually quite helpful for the little birds! Believe it or not, a hummingbird’s tail is responsible for most of the flight control. But do hummingbirds have tail feathers? The two main feathers on the outside of the tail are called rectrices, and the ones in the middle are called central rectrices. The rectrices work together to give the hummingbird precise flight control.

When the hummingbirds with long tails want to turn left, they flick their tail to the right. This creates a torque that turns the body to the left. It may seem like a small movement, but it’s enough to make a big difference when you’re zipping around at high speeds! So next time you see a hummingbird, take a closer look at its tail. That’s how it gets around!

How Hummingbirds Use Their Tail

Average Tail Size In Hummingbirds

One aspect of hummingbirds that is often overlooked is their tail size. On average, hummingbirds have tails that make about one-third of their body length. However, there is considerable variation among species, with some hummingbirds having much shorter tails while others have tails that are nearly as long as their bodies.

In general, hummingbirds with long tails tend to be found in open habitats such as fields and savannas, while those with shorter tails are more common in forested and urban areas. This likely reflects the different demands of these habitats, with long tails providing an advantage in open areas but being more of a liability in dense vegetation.

Read more about What’s The Giant Hummingbird Size? 3 Surprising Facts

Hummingbirds With Long Tails

Long-tailed Sylph

The Long-tailed Sylph is a hummingbird with a very long tail and body length of only 3-4 inches. Where do long-tailed hummingbirds live? This one is found in the mountains of Central and South America. The male Long-tailed Sylph has a green body with a white breast, and its throat and belly are gold. The female is similar in appearance, but she has a brownish-green body.

The Long-tailed Sylph feeds on nectar from flowers, and insects and is an important pollinator of many mountain flowers. Unfortunately, the Long-tailed Sylph is threatened by habitat loss and degradation.

Booted Racket-tail

The Booted Racket-tail is a hummingbird found in parts of South America. It gets its name from the long, racket-shaped tail feathers that extend from its rear end. These tail feathers can be up to twice the length of the bird’s body!

The Booted Racket-tail is also notable for its iridescent plumage, which can range in color from green to purple. Male hummingbirds are usually more brightly colored than females, but both sexes have distinctive white markings on their throats.

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Booted Racket-tails are relatively small among the hummingbirds with long tails, measuring only about 4 inches long from beak to tail. Although their populations have declined in recent years due to habitat loss, the booted racket-tails are not considered endangered at this time.

Violet-tailed Sylph

If you’re looking for hummingbirds with long tails, you’ll want to check out the Violet-tailed Sylph. These hummingbirds are found in Central and South America, and they’re known for their beautiful long tails.

The males have particularly long tails, which they use to attract mates. The Violet-tailed Sylphis a relatively small hummingbird, measuring only about 4 inches long. These hummingbirds are mostly green in color, with a white belly and some red on their throats.

Long-tailed Woodnymph

The Long-tailed Woodnymph is a species of hummingbirds with long tails habituating in Central and South America. As its name suggests, this hummingbird is distinguished by its long tail, which can be up to twice the length of its body. The Long-tailed Woodnymph is an important pollinator of both native and introduced plants.

In addition to serving as an important source of food for hummingbirds, the nectar from these flowers also provides a valuable energy source for other animals such as bats, insects, and even lizards. The Long-tailed Woodnymph keeps a balance in the food chain in the remote areas of Central and South America.

Glowing Puffleg

The Glowing Puffleg is another one of the hummingbirds with long tails living in the Andes Mountains of South America. The males of this species are known for their distinctive plumage, which features a black body with iridescent blue and green feathers.

They have long, fluffy tail feathers that they use to attract females. The females are less brightly colored, but they share the same long tail feathers. Both sexes have tiny, black feet and bill.

Sapphire-vented Puffleg

The Sapphire-vented Puffleg is a hummingbird found in the northern Andes Mountains of South America. It is a small bird, with males reaching a length of only 3.1 inches. It’s most notable for its long tail, which can be up to twice the length of its body. If you wondered, do female hummingbirds have long tails, they have shorter tails, but still noticeably longer than those of other hummingbird species.

Sapphire-vented Pufflegs are mostly green, with a purple breast and belly. The male also has a patch of sapphire blue feathers on its vent (the area under its tail). Sapphire-vented Pufflegs are found at altitudes of 8,200-10,600 feet. They are particularly attracted to the flowers of the Andrean Sagebrush. The Sapphire-vented Puffleg is listed as “vulnerable” due to habitat loss.

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Bottom Line: Are Hummingbirds With Long Tails Rare?

While all hummingbirds have tails, some species sport tails that are nearly as long as their bodies. These hummingbirds with long tails are particularly adept at maneuvering through dense forests, using their tails as rudders to navigate tight spaces. In addition to helping them fly with greater precision, the long tails of these hummingbirds also serve as a visual cue for potential mates.

So next time you see a hummingbird with a lengthy tail, take a moment to appreciate both its beauty and its utility!


Do female hummingbirds have long tails?

Females do have long tails, but not as long as the males. The hummingbird's tail is used for balance and also for displaying to other hummingbirds. In general, the more colorful a hummingbird is, the more desirable it is to potential mates.

Where do long-tailed hummingbirds live?

Long-tailed hummingbirds live in Central and South America. In South America, they are found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina.

Why do hummingbirds have tails?

There are many theories as to why hummingbirds have tails, but the most likely reason is that they use their tails for balance while hovering in midair. Their tail feathers are also very flexible and help them maneuver easily.

Do hummingbirds have tail feathers?

Yes, both male and female hummingbirds have tail feathers. The number of tail feathers can vary from species to species, but most have between 10 and 12 tail feathers.